The Apportionment Plan

GIS, Map, Mapping Software, Geographic Information System, GIS, Geographic Information Software

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 establishes protections for geographically cohesive minority communities and “communities of interest.” In short, Section 2 of the law prohibits “unusually large electoral districts” (such as at-large districts), where the votes of a minority can be subsumed by the votes of the majority. The VRA thus requires, where possible, the creation of at least one majority-minority voting district. Given Columbus demographics and living patterns, the group that the Voting Rights Act would protect in Columbus is African American/Black (the other demographic group with sufficient numbers to form a cohesive voting block is Hispanic, but the geographic dispersal of Hispanics across the metropolis makes creation of a majority Hispanic district impossible). The Columbus Fair Elections Plan establishes two majority-Black districts: Districts 2 and 3. See the NAACP Legal Defense Fund’s letters to Columbus expressing concern over our at-large elections being possible violations of Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

District2010 PopulationPct. BlackSq.Mi.
186,58730%21.6
285,93960%26.7
387,23563%20.2
487,66340%28.1
588,30920%39.4
686,07416%25.2
787,3756%26.8
889,98311%21.9
988,4946%13.9